Market Reports

Morning Markets Brief 1-6-2020

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets remain under pressure this morning, although price action remains orderly, amid heightened US-Iran tensions and investor fears of further escalation, while oil prices approach multi-month highs. S&P 500 futures point to a 0.6% decline at the open, which would extend Friday’s 0.7% loss from Thursday’s latest record high for the index. Overnight, equities in Asia and the EU moved lower as well, although mainland Chinese markets outperformed. Increasing demand for safe haven assets has been evident since last Thursday’s US airstrike that killed a key Iranian general in Baghdad, with Treasuries, gold, and the yen rallying over the past two sessions, although the moves thus far have remained moderate. Yields on 10-year Treasuries are back to 1.78% after rising as high as 1.95% in December, but remain well above September’s trough of 1.46%. The dollar, meanwhile, is finding little support from the rising risk aversion and is fluctuating near multi-month lows amid mixed US economic data. Oil prices are continuing higher on fears of supply disruptions, as international benchmark Brent crude approaches $70 per barrel and US benchmark WTI rises to nearly $64 (more below).

Rising US-Iran Tensions Spur Market Volatility

Investors are grappling with the risks and ramifications of last week’s US airstrike, which killed a key Iranian military leader and a number of his deputies near the Baghdad airport following a series of assaults on US personnel and installations in the country. Trump administration officials indicate that Iranian General Soleimani was arriving in Baghdad to plan an escalation of the offensive against US interests in the region, although various news reports question the strength of the intelligence. Iran’s leaders have vowed to strike back while the White House has indicated that any such retaliation will be met with further US airstrikes. Specifically, President Trump stated that 52 locations within Iran, including cultural heritage sites, would be targeted “perhaps in a disproportionate” response to any Iranian reprisals. Meanwhile, Iraq’s Parliament has voted in a non-binding resolution to expel US troops from the country, prompting President Trump to warn that US withdrawal would be conditional on Iraq’s government reimbursing the US for its billions of dollars in military expenditures to protect the country, and threatening sanctions as a countermeasure. House Democrats are said to be preparing a resolution to attempt to limit the Trump administration’s leeway to act militarily in the region absent consent from Congress. The enflamed geopolitical tensions have dented investor risk appetite, weighing on global equities over the last two sessions, although losses remain modest and many indexes, such as the S&P 500 are less than 1% below record highs. Oil prices are unsurprisingly higher amid the rising Middle East turmoil, but upside thus far has been moderate and prices remain below 12-month highs (more below).

 Oil Markets in the Spotlight

With crude prices reflecting an increasing geopolitical risk premium, analysts are debating the degree of upside risk amid complex crosscurrents in oil markets. Brent crude prices have reacted sharply to events in the Middle East over the past two sessions, rising 5.1% to hover around $70 per barrel, as investors ponder the potential for Iran to choke off shipping through the Straits of Hormuz or again attack Saudi or other regional oil production infrastructure, in a repeat of September’s surprising attacks. However, for context, this jump in prices remains shy of the surge in September after Saudi Aramco’s facilities were hit by Iranian missiles and drone, which brought prices to $72. And this was shy of 2019’s April peak of $75, which was spurred by fundamental factors, as investors anticipated recovering global demand and questioned the prospects for US shale oil production growth. With OPEC, particularly Iran’s regional rival Saudi Arabia, restraining its production over the past year in an effort to support prices, analysts note that any significant rallies in oil would likely be met with a swift supply response, thereby limiting upside potential.

          Additional Themes

Mixed Global Growth Readings – The euro is rallying 0.4% today versus the dollar and is trading at its highest level since August after the final composite reading of EU manufacturing and service purchasing managers’ indexes (PMIs) showed a moderately accelerating expansion after nearly falling into contraction in September. Specifically, the composite PMI for December registered 50.9, bettering the prior estimate of 50.6. For context, PMI readings over 50 denote expansion of activity. The EU December manufacturing PMI remained in contractionary territory at 46.3 but this represented an improvement over the preliminary reading and worse levels in September and October. The US manufacturing gauge for December, however, undershot estimates and analysts await readings of service sector activity for last month.

 US-China Trade Deal Ready for Signing – A Chinese delegation is set to arrive in Washington on January 13 for a signing ceremony of the Phase One US-China trade deal on January 15.

 

Afternoon Markets Brief 1-3-202

Summary and Price Action Rundown

The S&P 500 is retreating from yesterday’s new record high, although declines remain orderly and moderate, as geopolitical concerns in the Middle East halt the ongoing rally in stocks, lift oil prices, and drive demand for safe haven assets. US equities are down but have rebounded from the lows of the morning as investors ponder the ramifications of the significant escalation of US-Iran tensions. For context, one of Iran’s top military leaders and a number of his deputies were killed by a US airstrike in Iraq last evening following a series of attacks on US personnel and facilities in the country by Iranian proxies. US officials indicate that General Soleimani was arriving in Baghdad to plan an escalation of the offensive. S&P 500 futures had been down over 1.6% overnight as fears of retaliation or even outright war weighed on sentiment. Nevertheless, risk appetite has steadied amid a lull in hostilities. Treasury yields are down as investors seek safe haven assets, while gold prices are up 1.3% and trading near multi-year highs. The dollar is slightly lower, however, while the yen is up 0.6%. Brent crude prices have jumped above $68 per barrel but remain well shy of April’s 2019 high of $75. Analysts are pondering the potential for Iran to attack Saudi oil infrastructure, as occurred in September, or even attempt to close the Straits of Hormuz, through which around 20% of global oil exports pass. For context, recent geopolitical incidents in the Middle East have resulted in only fleeting increases in oil prices.

It is worth noting that geopolitical risks are notoriously difficult for investors to price into risk assets, and global security issues have been generally discounted by market participants in recent years. Price action is likely to remain reactive to events in the near term.

Holiday Schedule – Markets Policy Partners will be publishing on a limited basis over the holiday period, with full service resuming on January 6th. In the meantime, please check out our upgraded website (https://marketspolicy.com/) and latest podcasts (https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/hps-macrocast/id1465322002). Here’s wishing all our readers a bright and healthy 2020!

 

 

Morning Markets Brief 12-24-2109

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets are steady in placid pre-holiday trading this morning, while the recent uptrend in sovereign yields is pausing after some mixed US economic data. The S&P 500 is edging below yesterday’s new record peak as investors consolidate year-to-date gains of nearly 29% for the index. Equities in Asia and the EU were mostly higher overnight. Amid the brighter outlook for global trade, ultra-easy policy settings by major central banks, and relatively steady economic data, market participants are expecting an uneventful holiday trading period and an upbeat start to the new year. The uptrend in sovereign yields over the past few weeks has been one area of clear directionality in markets, with the 10-year Treasury yield breaking above its multi-month range but its momentum has stalled around 1.92%. Meanwhile, the dollar continues to tread water in the middle of its 2019 range while the pound has stabilized after its recent swoon, which was due to renewed Brexit risks and poor UK economic data. Oil prices are turning higher again to return to nearly six-month highs, around $67 per barrel for Brent crude.

Barring market volatility, our next brief will be on Monday, December 30th – Happy Holidays!

Mixed US Data Caps Upside for Treasury Yields

Though longer-dated Treasury yields reached their highest levels since mid-year last week amid expectations for building economic momentum into next year, the uptrend has stalled this week following some softer US economic readings. This morning’s December reading of the Richmond Fed’s regional manufacturing gauge posted a downside surprise, relapsing to -5, its weakest level since September, instead of improving to 1 from -1 in November as forecast. This follows yesterday’s mixed US economic readings, which helped cap the recent rise in Treasury yields. US Durable Goods Orders dropped 2.0% month-on-month (m/m) in November, dramatically undershooting expectations of a 1.5% increase. New Home Sales were more upbeat, rising 1.3% m/m to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 719K in November 2019, bouncing back from a 2.7% drop in October and easily beating market expectations of a 0.3% fall. Year-on-year (y/y), sales jumped 16.9%. Housing experts are citing lower mortgage rates for the recent strength in the overall housing market. For context, the recent uptrend in yields stalled on Friday despite solid November data, including upside surprises for Personal Income, Personal Spending and Core Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index, which is the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation with a 2% target. Year-on-year, Core PCE rose 1.6%, easing from 1.7% in October and just beating market expectations of 1.5%. US economic data will remain in the spotlight this week with Thursdays releases of mortgage application totals, jobless claims data, and a consumer confidence gauge.

 Positive Trade News Supports Sentiment

Although trade developments are more of a backburner issue for investors now that a US-China Phase One agreement is ostensibly complete, President Trump’s upbeat assessment of the deal and China’s unilateral reduction of certain tariffs are keeping market spirits high into the holidays. President Trump today said that the Phase One deal is “done” and noted that a signing ceremony is being planned. This follows reports over the weekend indicating that Beijing is set to reduce duties on imported pork, some tech devices, and various other items. For context, investors expect US-China trade friction to ease meaningfully in the coming year, with the finalization of the interim trade agreement and slow-moving Phase Two negotiations, which is a primary factor supporting broad optimism for an impending global growth rebound. News on Friday that President Xi is skipping the World Economic Forum in late January doused hopes that Davos would be the venue for a trade deal signing summit with President Trump, but markets exhibited no adverse reaction. Treasury Secretary Mnuchin indicated last week that the text of the deal is undergoing final legal review on both sides and will be disclosed to the public and signed in early January.

          Additional Themes

Oil Prices Resume Uptrend – Yesterday’s news that the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments are nearing an agreement that would allow production to restart in a neutral area between the two countries only weighed on prices briefly yesterday. Today, crude prices are back around multi-month highs as industry estimates suggest a drawdown in US oil stockpiles this week. Hopes of a global economic rebound and expectations for slower gains in US shale oil production next year have helped buoy oil prices in recent weeks.

 Mixed Signals from US Funding Markets – Yesterday’s liquidity offering (or “repo operation”) by the Federal Reserve was undersubscribed, suggesting that efforts to combat tightness in funding markets are meeting their goals. Analysts note, however, that some short-term funding rates still remain elevated and express lingering concerns over the potential for a year-end bout of liquidity disruption.

Morning Markets Brief 12-23-2019

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets remain buoyant in quiet pre-holiday trading this morning, while the recent uptrend in sovereign yields is pausing after some mixed US economic data. The S&P 500 is slightly higher bringing the index to a new record peak with year-to-date gains of nearly 29%. Equities in Asia and the EU were mixed overnight, with mainland Chinese stocks underperforming as analysts cite reports that a state-linked investment fund is cutting its stake in tech local tech companies. Additionally, Boeing stock is up 2.6% after the announcement of a change of the company’s CEO. An uptrend in sovereign yields has been one area of clear directionality in markets this month, with the 10-year Treasury yield breaking above its multi-month range and now hovering at 1.91%. Still, the dollar is finding little support from the rising rates, while the pound is extending its losses amid reemergent concerns over Brexit and a string of dismal UK growth indicators. Oil prices are dipping further below six-month highs, around $66 per barrel for Brent crude.

Barring market volatility, our next brief will be midday tomorrow – Happy Holidays!

Mixed US Data Caps Upside for Treasury Yields

Though longer-dated Treasury yields reached their highest levels since mid-year last week amid expectations for building economic momentum into next year, the uptrend has remained stalled today amid some softer US economic readings. US Durable Goods Orders dropped 2.0% month-on-month (m/m) in November, dramatically undershooting expectations of a 1.5% increase. Demand for transportation equipment led the miss, falling 5.9%, led by both defense (down 72.7%) and civilian aircraft (down 1.8%). Orders for non-defense capital goods excluding aircraft, a closely watched indicator for future business spending plans, gained 0.1% m/m. Excluding transportation, new orders were unchanged and excluding defense, new orders advanced 0.8%. New Home Sales were more upbeat, rising 1.3% m/m to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 719K in November 2019, bouncing back from a 2.7% drop in October and easily beating market expectations of a 0.3% fall. Year-on-year (y/y), sales jumped 16.9%. Housing experts are citing lower mortgage rates for the recent strength in the overall housing market. Amid the mixed data, Treasury yields are struggling to find direction. For context, the recent uptrend in yields stalled on Friday despite solid November data, including upside surprises for Personal Income, Personal Spending and Core Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index, which is the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation with a 2% target. Year-on-year, Core PCE rose 1.6%, easing from 1.7% in October and just beating market expectations of 1.5%.

 Additional Trade Concessions Support Sentiment

Although trade developments are more of a backburner issue for investors now that a US-China Phase One deal is ostensibly complete, headlines over the weekend that China is unilaterally reducing more tariffs on various imports are said to be underpinning the ongoing year-end rally. Reports over the weekend indicated that Beijing is set to reduce duties on imported pork, some tech devices, and various other items. For context, investors expect US-China trade friction to ease meaningfully in the coming year, with the finalization of the interim trade agreement and slow-moving Phase Two negotiations, which is a primary factor supporting broad optimism for an impending global growth rebound. News on Friday that President Xi is skipping the World Economic Forum in late January doused hopes that Davos would be the venue for a trade deal signing summit with President Trump, but markets exhibited no adverse reaction. Treasury Secretary Mnuchin indicated last week that the text of the deal is undergoing final legal review on both sides and will be disclosed to the public and signed in early January. Also, the House of Representatives passed the US-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) trade agreement Thursday afternoon, as was widely expected, eliciting no discernable asset price reaction.

          Additional Themes

Oil Prices Pressured by Saudi/Kuwait Compromise – News that the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments are nearing an agreement that would allow production to restart in a neutral area between the two countries is weighing on crude prices today. The potential supply from the region, which has been restricted due to disagreements between the two countries, is estimated at up to 500k barrels per day. For context, Brent crude is trading near a six-month high after additional OPEC production cuts were announced earlier this month and improving global growth expectations have brightened traders’ outlook for oil demand.

 Pound Extends Weakness – The pound remains under pressure, now posting losses of 3.1% versus the dollar since the day after the UK general election amid the resurgence of “hard” Brexit risk at the end of next year and a series of dismal economic readings. The announcement of Governor Carney’s successor at the Bank of England did little to change policy expectations.

Morning Markets Brief 12-20-2019

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets are continuing this week’s gentle ascent in quiet pre-holiday trading this morning, while upward movements in sovereign yields are extending as investors await key US data and ponder the likelihood of a global economic rebound in 2020. S&P 500 futures point to a flat open, which would hold the index at yesterday’s record peak with year-to-date gains of nearly 28%. Equities in Asia and the EU were mixed overnight. With US-China trade on the backburner for now, major central banks largely on hold, and global economic data showing selective improvement, investors are expecting placid markets into year-end (more below). An uptrend in sovereign yields has been one area of clear directionality in markets this week, with the 10-year Treasury yield breaking above its multi-month range at 1.94%. With EU, Japanese, and other sovereign yields moving up in tandem, the dollar is finding little support from the rising rates, while the pound has stabilized after being impacted by reemergent concerns over Brexit and dismal growth data this week. Oil prices are dipping below six-month highs.

                 Sovereign Yields Edge to Multi-Month Highs Ahead of US Data

Ahead of today’s US growth and inflation figures, expectations of a 2020 global economic recovery, alongside highly accommodative policy settings by major central banks, are continuing to support longer-dated sovereign yields near their highest levels since mid-year. Yields on 10-year bonds in the US, Germany, the UK, and Japan are all continuing higher today, although the uptrend paused yesterday following a set of soft US economic figures. Specifically, US existing home sales fell 1.7% month-on-month (m/m) in November to a seasonally-adjusted annual rate of 5.35 million units in November of 2019, widely missing market expectations of a 0.2% drop, as a shortage of properties for sale is negatively effecting the real estate market. Initial unemployment claims were also disappointing, with 234K claims filed in the week ending on December 14th, compared with expectations of 225K. Additionally, the Philadelphia Fed Manufacturing index dropped by 10.1 points from the previous month to 0.3 in December, its lowest reading since June and well below the forecast of 8.0. US and global economic data earlier in the week, however, had generally been encouraging (with dismal readings from the UK the notable exception) and had helped spur sovereign yields higher. Later this morning, readings of US personal spending and income data for November, as well as core personal consumption expenditure prices (core PCE), the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation, could spur Treasury yields even higher. For context, the 10-year Treasury yield is at 1.94% and has not traded above 2.00% since late July after posting its 2019 high of 2.78% back in January.

 Markets Unmoved by Trade News

Although the ebbs and flows of US trade policy, particularly in relation to China, were a primary market catalyst throughout 2019, trade developments are a backburner issue for investors now that a US-China Phase One deal is complete. News this morning that President Xi is skipping the World Economic Forum in late January has doused hopes that Davos would be the venue for a trade deal signing summit with President Trump. Nevertheless, markets are exhibiting no reaction as investors mostly view the timing of finalization as a formality. Treasury Secretary Mnuchin indicated yesterday that the text of the deal is undergoing final legal review on both sides and will be disclosed to the public and signed in early January. Although there continues to be speculation among analysts over the feasibility of China’s purported US agricultural purchase commitments, investors are generally eager to move beyond this issue and are not expecting Phase Two deal talks to produce anything close to the drama and risks associated with this year’s brinksmanship negotiation tactics. Also, investors noted that the House of Representatives passed the US-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) trade agreement yesterday afternoon, as was widely expected, eliciting no discernable asset price reaction.

          Additional Themes

Markets Look Past US Political Drama – President Trump’s impeachment by the House of Representatives on Wednesday is still having no discernable impact on financial markets, despite reports that the Senate trial may be delayed by House Democrats. Analysts remain focused on the President’s continued support in the Senate. Investors are also parsing the latest Democratic debate, but no asset price reaction is evident.

 Bank of England Succession – Andrew Bailey has been announced as the successor to Governor Mark Carney when his term concludes at the end of January. Analysts consider this a choice for continuity of policy and futures markets reflect scant change in the policy outlook for next year, with roughly 50/50 odds of rate cut before year end. Meanwhile, the pound is steady this morning after extending its week-to-date losses versus the dollar to 2.4% yesterday following another disappointing economic reading, with headline retail sales for November significantly undershooting expectations, printing 1.0% year-on-year versus a forecast of 2.1%.

 

Morning Markets Brief 12-19-2019

                                         Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets were mostly becalmed overnight in quiet pre-holiday trading although upward movements in sovereign yields continue as investors ponder the likelihood of a broad economic rebound in 2020 and global central banks generally maintain their ultra-easy policy settings. S&P 500 futures point to a flat open, which would hold the index around Tuesday’s record peak with year-to-date gains of over 27%. Equities in Asia and the EU were gently mixed overnight. With US-China trade on the backburner for now, global central banks largely on hold, and global economic data showing selective improvement, investors are expecting placid markets into year-end (more below). An upward drift in sovereign yields has been one area of clear directionality in markets this week, with the 10-year Treasury yield breaking above its multi-month range at 1.95%. With EU, Japanese, and other sovereign yields moving up in tandem, the dollar is finding little support from the rising rates, while the pound has stabilized after reversing some of its recent upside this week amid reemergent concerns over Brexit and dismal growth data. Oil prices are holding near six-month highs after bullish US inventory data.

                   Multiple Factors Drive Sovereign Yields to Multi-Month Highs

Expectations of a 2020 global growth recovery, which have been fueled by some recent improvements in economic data, alongside highly accommodative policy settings by major central banks and an increasing emphasis on fiscal stimulus, are pushing longer-dated sovereign yields to their highest levels since mid-year. Analysts are noting a confluence of current factors that support rising longer-duration developed market sovereign yields, including global growth data recently surprising to the upside, major central banks on hold but highly accommodative, and diminished safe haven demand as trade and Brexit risks recede. Yields on 10-year bonds in the US, Germany, the UK, and Japan are all at their highest level since mid-summer or before. Traders also note upward impetus on rates from anticipation of a moderate global economic rebound in 2020, as well as an increasing focus on the potential for fiscal stimulus to play a greater role in supporting worldwide growth next year. Additionally, analysts suggest that diminishing enthusiasm for negative interest rates among global central bankers and other economic officials is putting a floor under sovereign yields. Earlier today Sweden’s central bank, the Riksbank, hiked rates 25 basis points to bring its policy rate out of negative territory and a senior Japanese government official criticized the effectiveness of the Bank of Japan’s negative interest rate policy, while calling for greater coordination between fiscal and monetary policy. The Bank of Japan retained its current ultra-accommodative policy settings at its meeting today, as did the Bank of England. Later this week, upbeat readings of US personal spending and income data for November, as well as core personal consumption expenditure prices (core PCE), the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation, could spur Treasury yields higher.

                      More Dismal UK Data but Bank of England Holds the Line

Disappointing retails sales figures for November are the latest in a series of worryingly poor UK economic readings, but the Bank of England held policy steady today, shoring up the pound for now. The pound is pausing its week-to-date slide this morning, but is still nursing losses of 1.8% versus the dollar since Monday, after the Bank of England (BoE) held rates steady as expected but conveyed a slightly more upbeat assessment of the economic outlook than traders had been anticipating. Contrasting with the BoE’s cautious optimism, headline retail sales for November significantly undershot expectations, printing 1.0% year-on-year versus a forecast of 2.1% and the prior month’s 3.1%. Meanwhile, Tuesday’s readings of UK job vacancies and wage growth were softer than expected while Monday’s releases of preliminary December purchasing managers’ indexes for both the manufacturing and service sectors surprised to the downside and reflected a deepening contraction in activity. This deteriorating economic picture comes alongside the abrupt reemergence of “hard” Brexit risk earlier this week, as Prime Minister Johnson proposed legislation that would set a deadline for the transition period, during which a new EU/UK trade agreement is to be hammered out, at the end of next year regardless of the state of negotiations. Futures markets assign a 50/50 chance of a rate cut by the Bank of England by next summer, but the choice of Governor Carney’s successor, who will take the helm in February next year, could alter those odds.

                                                            Additional Themes

Markets Still Unmoved by US Impeachment – President Trump’s impeachment by the Democrat-led House of Representatives last evening is having no discernable impact on financial markets today, with analysts focused on his continued support in the Senate.

 Italian Political Risk – Italian sovereign bonds are underperforming today as investors focus on rising risks of an early election in spring that ends the tenure of the moderate ruling coalition. Nevertheless, with the 10-year yield at 1.41%, the overall level remains very favorable.

 

 

Morning Markets Brief 12-18-2019

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets were mixed overnight as investors consolidate stellar 2019 gains before year-end while monitoring incoming signals on global growth, Brexit, and US politics. S&P 500 futures point to a slightly lower open, which would put the index just below yesterday’s record peak with year-to-date gains of over 27%.

Continue reading “Morning Markets Brief 12-18-2019”

Morning Markets Brief 12-17-2019

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets are fluctuating around yesterday’s highs this morning as investors pause to consolidate gains after the recent string of upside catalysts and note lingering uncertainties on US-China trade, the global economy, and Brexit for 2020. S&P 500 futures indicate a flat open, which would keep the index at yesterday’s record peak and retain year-to-date gains of around 27%.

Continue reading “Morning Markets Brief 12-17-2019”

Morning Markets Brief 12-16-2019

Summary and Price Action Rundown

Global risk assets are advancing this morning as relief over completion of the Phase One US-China trade deal continues to percolate and firming Chinese economic data adds to the upbeat market mood. S&P 500 futures point to a 0.4% higher open, which would set a new record peak for the index and propel year-to-date gains to nearly 27%.

Continue reading “Morning Markets Brief 12-16-2019”

Five Minute Macro 12-16-2019

#1 US-China Trade Détente / USMCA Resolution

Last Week: #2

  • After weeks of mixed messages from US and Chinese officials over the state of negotiations, both sides affirmed on Friday that a Phase One deal has been reached, although some final terms need to be rectified.
  • The US agreed to partial removal of existing tariffs on Chinese imports and cancellation of scheduled duty increases consumer-facing products. But the White House will retain some tariffs as leverage in the Phase Two talks, though investors suspect that no additional agreement is likely before the November 2020 elections. China agreed to some degree of increased US farm imports. Enforcement procedures are also said to be included, alongside intellectual property, structural reforms, and currency policy terms.
  • Also, Congress is expected to pass the US-Mexico-Canada trade agreement this week.

Continue reading “Five Minute Macro 12-16-2019”